Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, begins as gingivitis, then processes to periodontitis and then to advanced periodontitis. The bacteria causes gum disease when plaque and tartar forms under the gums that produce a deep infection in the gum tissue and bone.
Symptoms of Gum Disease
- Bleeding gums
- Swollen or red gums
- Tender Gums
- Receding Gums
- Bad breath or bad taste in your mouth
- Pus surrounding your gums or teeth
KNOW YOUR RISK
FOR GUM DISEASE
About Gum Disease
Gum disease develops because plaque, a sticky bacteria-filled film, develops on the teeth. The development of plaque is natural and happens after eating and drinking. Plaque must be removed with daily brushing and flossing, but when plaque around the gum line isn’t removed, it turns into tartar, which can only be removed by a dentist. If the tartar develops and stays at or below the gum line, it can cause inflammation of the gums, leading to gum disease.
Stages of Gum Disease
Gingivitis: Gingivitis is the mildest and earliest form of gum disease. At this stage, your gums will be inflamed because of the tartar build-up at the gum line. Since your bone and connective tissue is not compromised at this stage of gum disease, it can be completely reversed if treated properly.
Periodontitis: At this stage of gum disease, the connective tissues are harmed, and the gum disease is irreversible. Persistent inflammation of the gums causes pockets between your teeth and gums that can fill with bacteria, plaque, and tartar. The infection can eventually cause degradation of tissue and bone.
Advanced Periodontitis: At this stage, the tissues and bone are so severely degraded that they can cause your teeth to become loose. Depending on the severity of your case, the teeth may need to be removed.
You can create healthy gums by taking care of your body and your oral health as well. Brush at least twice each day, floss at least once, and add a mouthwash rinse to your daily routine. Be sure to have professional dental cleanings every six months to remove tartar above and below the gumline. Regular dental checkups and cleanings are crucial to preventing, detecting, and treating gum disease.
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